HUMAN INTELLIGENCE IN MAKING OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the branch of computer sciences that gives importance to the advancement of machines based on intelligence. To solve issues or tasks that need human thinking or man’s intelligence AI is being used. Like other subjects, Artificial Intelligence also possesses a father. The father of Artificial intelligence (AI) is John McCarthy.

The world is observing speedy developments in AI, and Machine Learning. Some daily devices we use like Google Assistant, Amazon’s Alexa, Microsoft’s Cortana, Apple’s Siri are some of the known AI assistants. AI has many features like problem-solving, machine learning, planning, and language recognition.

IMPORTANCE / BENEFITS OF AI

  • AI expands intelligence to existing outputs and makes them productive
  • AI has the potential to interpret large loads of data quickly
  • Reduces the number of human errors.
  • AI performs well using expert networks and deep learning applications
  • AI has various automate systems
  • Faster and more accurate decisions when compared to manpower
  • AI has a Voice and image recognition system
  • Helps in reducing repetitive work and avoids overlapping
  • AI delivers digital service
  • Collects, stores, and processes various information
  • Catches, processes, and reacts to languages i.e., speech to text, text to speech
  • Doesn’t need breaks unlike humans and can work 24/7

TYPES OF AI

Artificial Intelligence is broadly divided into 3 types. They are narrow or weak AI, strong or general AI, and conscious or artificial superintelligence. The third type of AI, which is conscious AI is recently introduced. Analytic, text, functional, interactive, and visual are 5 types of AI systems. They can be used solely or can be used by combining a few systems.

HOW AI CAN AFFECT THE WORLD

By using Artificial Intelligence one of the main disadvantages is unemployment. The jobs of many employees will be at stake for the next couple of decades. Improving AI will be a tremendous benefit to the healthcare industry. AI can assist to point out tumours in X-rays, help researchers and scientists to detect genetic series. AI helps to formulate further productive drugs or medication for treatments. By using AI, the surveillance system will be great. AI has a feature called facial recognition, since the past few years, this feature is widely being used even in mobile phones too. There are neural networks which are used to create duplicate images, these are impossible to differentiate whether they are real or not. The neural networks can even manipulate a person’s voice too. These tools became major factors for circulating fake news. Since the past few years, there is a desire to create driverless cars. Through AI it is possible and also robots can be created for delivery services or home use.

AI IN INDIA

On October 5, 2020, India started a summit named Responsible AI for Social Empowerment (RAISE) 2020.  The summit motive is how AI can be used for transforming healthcare, Education, Agriculture, and other categories. Tamil Nadu became the first state in India to create policies related to blockchain, ethical AI, and cybersecurity. Apart from Tamil-nadu, other states like Telangana, Karnataka, West Bengal, and Maharashtra took initiatives towards Artificial Intelligence.

In this fast progressing world AI is required. There are many pros of AI and also cons. AI poses a threat if it is used negatively. So, it is the responsibility of government to take precautionary measures to prevent malicious events.