THE JOURNEY FROM FAILED TRIALS TO OFFICIAL INCURSION INTO INDIAN ARMED FORCES: NIRBHAY MISSILE

Nirbhay_Missile

Nirbhay_MissileNirbhay Missile is developed and advanced by Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), a sub-branch under Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). DRDO is an agency whose principal task is to develop and evolve defence systems, weapons, machinery and to supply them to Indian Armed Forces. Nirbhay Missile is an all-weather, long-range and subsonic Cruise Missile. The launcher/carrier for Nirbhay Missile System is built and designed by Tata Motors Limited.

CHARACTERISTICS/FEATURES OF NIRBHAY MISSILE

LENGTH                          : 6 mts/20 feet
WIDTH                            : 0.52 mts/1.7feet
ENGINE                           : Stage I: solid rocket booster
                                          Stage II: Turbofan Turbojet
MASS                               :1,500 kg/3,300lb
WINGSPAN                      :2.7 mts/8.9 feet
RANGE                             :up to 1,000 km/ 620 miles
CARRIER/ VEHICLE       :TATA LPTA 5252-12×12 Vehicle
PROPELLANT                 :STAGE I: Solid Fuel
                                          STAGE II: Liquid Fuel
WARHEAD                       : 200-300 KG (NUCLEAR Or CONVENTIONAL)

TRIALS AND TESTS

  1. The first trial of Nirbhay Missile was held at Chandipur Integrated Test Range in the state of Odisha on March 12, 2013, but after reaching the second stage of momentum the missile drifted out from the original path and its engine was disconnected in order to prevent any further risks.
  2. The second trial was held on October 17, 2014, again from Integrated Test Range located in the district of Balasore and the Nirbhay Missile was followed by Indian Fighter Jet Jaguar in order to capture the video. This second trial was successful and the Missile travelled for over 70 minutes.
  3. During its third trial, the Missile was crashed into the Bay of Bengal after travelling only 128 km on 16 October, 2015. The purpose of this trial was to examine the low flying potential of the Missile.
  4. The fourth trial took place on December 21, 2016, and there were no official records about the aftermath of the test but it was broadcasted by numerous sources that the examination was unsuccessful due to Missile’s Hardware problem.
  5. On November 7, 2017, the fifth trial took place from Chandipur and it was victorious as it fulfilled all the purposes and the Missile travelled around 647 km. In this trail, Turbojet engine is utilized in lieu of Turbofan engine.
  6. The sixth trial was successful and was carried on April 15, 2019, and DRDO itself demonstrated that the test was successful as it fulfilled each and every mission.
  7. The Seventh trail is planned to launch next month ( November 2020) and after the completion of the test, Nirbhay Missile will be officially installed into Indian Armed Forces.

Nirbhay Missile is a subsonic cruise Missile which operates from the surface to air. The Nirbhay is a broadly significant land-based missile in India. Nirbhay Missile possesses the sea-skimming skill and loitering capability, which implies that the weapon can move around the target and can conduct numerous operations or exercises and can reposition it. Nirvhay Missile sets off like a rocket but after the motor falls off it turns into an aircraft by stationing a wing set and a turbine engine. It becomes difficult for radar to detect this missile as it can fly tree-top layer and Nirbhay Missile can smash a target from any direction once it is near the target and it operates on the fire-and-forget system. The Nirbhay Missile can be launched from any source like land, submarines, warships, air-borne bombers.

Hypersonic: Happening Technology in the Indian Weapon Club

DRDO - Hypersonic Missile

DRDOThe Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) of India have successfully tested a hypersonic technology demons-trator vehicle (HSTDV) on Monday. This great achievement gives the entry card to our India of the hypersonic missile club. India joins this club as a fourth member after USA, Russia and China.

Hypersonic missiles are one of the most advanced war technologies. Basically, hypersonic weapons combine the maneuvering capabilities of cruise missiles with the speed of ballistic missiles. Compared to traditional missiles, hypersonic missiles are hard to track. Hypersonic missiles can even move at around 5 times the speed of sound. Both the speed as well as the maneuverability of modern hypersonic missiles has made them this practical as both defensive and offensive weapons. In case of any weapon the most important fact is the payload. Here comes hypersonic weapons which can deliver nuclear or conventional payloads anywhere across the world within minutes.

At Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha DRDO successfully tested HSTDV. In this test DRDO used a scramjet propulsion system which is indigenously developed. This HSTDV succeeded to meet all the technical parameters. This hypersonic missile capable vehicle can travel at 6 times the speed of sound (Mach 6).

DRDO - Hypersonic MissileAccording to The Defense Research and Development Organization’s planning, India will be able to develop such missiles in 5 years. HSTDV will be used as a vehicle for long-range and hypersonic cruise missiles. Moreover, HSTDV will also have several civilian applications. This can be used to launch small satellites in an economical way. According to the Defense Minister Sri. Rajnath Singh, this success is going to pave the way for a self-dependent India. The United States had successfully tested an unarmed prototype of a hypersonic missile in March, 2020. As per reports, Russia and China are also pursuing hypersonic weapons vigorously.

According to Russian President Vladimir Putin, Russian Navy vessels are going to be armed with underwater nuclear drones and hypersonic nuclear strike weapons which are in the final stage of testing. Like these three countries India is going to develop many more hypersonic vehicles, technology and materials with this great technological breakthrough.

The Indian armed forces have the supersonic cruise missiles which were developed jointly with Russia. These missiles were powered by ramjets which can travel at Mach 2.8 speed (Mach is the ratio of speed of a body to speed of sound). The HSTDV test was powered by scramjet which is the improved version over the ramjet engine. This says our Indian defense is becoming strong gradually. Good luck mother India.