HUMAN INTELLIGENCE IN MAKING OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the branch of computer sciences that gives importance to the advancement of machines based on intelligence. To solve issues or tasks that need human thinking or man’s intelligence AI is being used. Like other subjects, Artificial Intelligence also possesses a father. The father of Artificial intelligence (AI) is John McCarthy.

The world is observing speedy developments in AI, and Machine Learning. Some daily devices we use like Google Assistant, Amazon’s Alexa, Microsoft’s Cortana, Apple’s Siri are some of the known AI assistants. AI has many features like problem-solving, machine learning, planning, and language recognition.

IMPORTANCE / BENEFITS OF AI

  • AI expands intelligence to existing outputs and makes them productive
  • AI has the potential to interpret large loads of data quickly
  • Reduces the number of human errors.
  • AI performs well using expert networks and deep learning applications
  • AI has various automate systems
  • Faster and more accurate decisions when compared to manpower
  • AI has a Voice and image recognition system
  • Helps in reducing repetitive work and avoids overlapping
  • AI delivers digital service
  • Collects, stores, and processes various information
  • Catches, processes, and reacts to languages i.e., speech to text, text to speech
  • Doesn’t need breaks unlike humans and can work 24/7

TYPES OF AI

Artificial Intelligence is broadly divided into 3 types. They are narrow or weak AI, strong or general AI, and conscious or artificial superintelligence. The third type of AI, which is conscious AI is recently introduced. Analytic, text, functional, interactive, and visual are 5 types of AI systems. They can be used solely or can be used by combining a few systems.

HOW AI CAN AFFECT THE WORLD

By using Artificial Intelligence one of the main disadvantages is unemployment. The jobs of many employees will be at stake for the next couple of decades. Improving AI will be a tremendous benefit to the healthcare industry. AI can assist to point out tumours in X-rays, help researchers and scientists to detect genetic series. AI helps to formulate further productive drugs or medication for treatments. By using AI, the surveillance system will be great. AI has a feature called facial recognition, since the past few years, this feature is widely being used even in mobile phones too. There are neural networks which are used to create duplicate images, these are impossible to differentiate whether they are real or not. The neural networks can even manipulate a person’s voice too. These tools became major factors for circulating fake news. Since the past few years, there is a desire to create driverless cars. Through AI it is possible and also robots can be created for delivery services or home use.

AI IN INDIA

On October 5, 2020, India started a summit named Responsible AI for Social Empowerment (RAISE) 2020.  The summit motive is how AI can be used for transforming healthcare, Education, Agriculture, and other categories. Tamil Nadu became the first state in India to create policies related to blockchain, ethical AI, and cybersecurity. Apart from Tamil-nadu, other states like Telangana, Karnataka, West Bengal, and Maharashtra took initiatives towards Artificial Intelligence.

In this fast progressing world AI is required. There are many pros of AI and also cons. AI poses a threat if it is used negatively. So, it is the responsibility of government to take precautionary measures to prevent malicious events.

 

FROM A SINGLE COVID-19 CASE TO A MILLION CASES AND THE DOWNTREND

INDIA Covid-19 Status
INDIA Covid-19 Status
INDIA Covid-19 Status

The first cases of coronavirus are reported around December 2019 in Wuhan city of Hubei province, China. Several researchers and health scientists expressed that the outbreak of virus may have arisen from pangolins or bats. While others implied that the virus is originated from the Wuhan animal wet market. Putting claims aside, there is no particular evidence or proof for the origin of coronavirus. World Health Organization (WHO) declared coronavirus as a pandemic on March 11, 2020.

Coronaviruses are a group of Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) viruses that affect both humans and animals. The SARS Virus which rose hastily during the 2002-2003 period belongs to this family. The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is quoted as SARS-CoV. Now, the present Novel coronavirus is named as SARS-CoV-2. The term Covid-19 is a disease that is caused by the coronavirus.

SARS-CoV-2 spreads from one individual to others by human touch or contact. For example, if a COVID-19 infected patient is near you with less than 6 feet distance, then there are high chances for you to get infected.

SYMPTOMS

There are some particularly reported cases where patients are identified to be infected with COVID-19 but the victims don’t possess any of the above-mentioned symptoms. About 80% of patients recovered without undergoing any special treatment.

NORMAL SYMPTOMS

  • Running Nose
  • Fever
  • Dry Cough
  • Tiredness

MODERATE SYMPTOMS

  • Severe headaches
  • Sore Throat
  • Body pains
  • Losing sense of smell or taste
  • Diarrhoea
  • Nasal congestion

SEVERE SYMPTOMS

  • Frequent pain in the chest
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Sometimes

Tracking Covid-19 in INDIA

 China cautioned the WHO about unspecified pneumonia circulating the virus in Wuhan on December 31, 2019. On 7th January 2020 WHO officials published a statement saying that the virus is labelled as 2019n-CoV. The first death from virus took place in China on January 11.

JANUARY, 2020

  • On the 30th of January, the first case reported in India from Kerala and it is a student from Wuhan University. The next 2 days India airlifts Indian citizens from Wuhan including 7 Maldives natives.

FEBRUARY

  • After 2 other cases were reported Kerala govt. declared virus as a state Calamity.
  • On February 4, India cancelled existing visas for foreigners and Chinese Nationals.
  • WHO notified that the infection by this virus is named as COVID-19.
  • On Feb, 19 the first case of the virus tested negative.

MARCH

  • As of 2nd March, two more were reported in Kerala
  • The number of coronavirus cases reached 50 on March 10.
  • March 11 is the day when WHO proclaimed Covid-19 as a pandemic.
  • India experienced first death from the virus on 12th March in Karnataka.
  • In just 4 days, the volume of cases reached 100.
  • On March, 22 ‘Janata Curfew’ came into existence for 14 hours.
  • The lockdown is inflicted on March 25 till April 14.

APRIL

  • The casualties volume crossed 100.
  • The Indian government extended the lockdown till 3rd of May.
  • On April, 29 the death toll surpassed 1000.

MAY

  • The lockdown in India is extended for another 2 weeks on May 1st and based on the proportion of cases the places were divided into red, orange and green zones.
  • 50,000 confirmed coronavirus cases and Phase I of Vande Bharat Mission took place to evacuated citizens from foreign countries.
  • The lockdown is again extended to May 31st by government.
  • On May 19, the COVID-19 cases crossed 1 lakh.

JUNE

  • WHO instructed to wear face masks while going out or in crowded places.
  • On June, 8, the number of cases reached 2,50,00 with 7,200 casualties. Unlock 1.0 appeared into force.
  • India get ahead of UK and became the 4th horribly affected country with cases crossing over 3 lakhs.
  • A total of 5 lakh COVID-19 confirmed cases were reported in India.

JULY

  • On July 1st, Unlock 2.0 came into existence.
  • As of 6th July, USA reported more than 28 lakh cases and Brazil reported around 16 lakh cases. India pushed down Russia and became the Third worst affected country by coronavirus with 6.97 lakh cases.
  • Bharat Biotech Pharmaceutical Company started the first clinical trials of India’s first native vaccine, Covaxin.

AUGUST

  • Unlock 3.0 guidelines came into force on August 1st.
  • Even before the completion of phase III trials of the vaccine, Russia released Sputnik V vaccine for civilian/public use.
  • India reported with more than 3 million COVID-19 cases.
  • On August, 26, clinical trails of covishield were started by Serum Institute.
  • Phase 4.0 unlock protocols are released on August 29.
  • Worldwide COVID-19 cases crossed the mark of 25 million. India reported 78,761 new cases in a single day on August, 30.

SEPTEMBER

  • The first case of reinfection was discovered in the city of Bengaluru.
  • India with a total of 4.1 Million/41.13 lakh cases became 2nd disastrous hit country by coronavirus pushing down Brazil.
  • Clinical trials of ‘Covi-Shield’ by Serum Institute were abruptly stopped due to some unexplained illness.
  • September, 11, alone recorded a total of 97,570 new cases.
  • A total of more than 5 million cases are reported in India and last 1 Million cases are registered in just 11 days and the USA with 6.8 Million cases.
  • Reasonably, more than 1 lakh patients recovered from Covid-19 on September, 22.
  • As of 27, September India reported more than 50 lakh recoveries from COVID-18 COVID-19 and just in 11 days around 10 lakh people were recovered.

Current Status

As of today, 8 October 2020 the horribly affected nations by SARS-CoV-2 are the United States of America with 7.58 Million cases and 212K fatalities, followed by India with 6.76 Million cases and 105K deaths, then Brazil with 5 Million cases and 148K victims. Considering the deaths, Brazil pushes down India and occupies the second place. India is the one and only country which is awfully affected in the whole Asian sub-continent by 2019-nCoV.

Coming to India, the states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Uttar Pradesh alone accounts for more than 60% of total COVID-19 cases. Lakshadweep Islands of India is free from Coronavirus. In the recent days there is a significant fall in the number of cases reported across India.

Covid-19 Downtrend
Covid-19 Downtrend

As we can see in the graph, the number of COVID-19 cases is hastily shrinking since the last 2-3 weeks. The twitter is trending with #IndiaFightsCorona hashtag because of its significant 85% recovery rate. The Indian government and also the citizens of India become aware of the pandemic and are following social distancing rules thoroughly and the result can be seen above with the significant decrease of covid-19 infections and increased recovery rates.

Air Bubble Travel : Become Global Again

Air Bubble

Due to the coronavirus outbreak, almost everything around us has been changed. International flights have been banned. Like many other countries the Indian government has declared that the ban on international flights is going to be continued until September 30, 2020. Based on the coronavirus behavior further decisions about international flights would be taken by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA).

The worst part is our citizens who are stuck in foreign countries and the foreigners who are stuck in India are suffering a lot. That’s why the Indian government started the Vande Bharat Mission. According to this, our people who are stuck in other countries and foreigners who are stuck in our country can travel with a legal agenda. But this process has some major issues like flights are pretty limited; passengers are being prioritized as in for whom travel is really necessary and many more.

To reduce all these obstacles, the Government of India has recently introduced the Air Bubble Transport Arrangement. This is a bi-lateral bubble travel agreement in which citizens of selected countries are allowed to travel to other selected countries. This is also called corona corridors. Australia and New Zealand set the example of world-first air bubble travel. Air bubble travel is going to allow us to be global citizens again. For this, people from all over the world are going to be thankful. Through this process, international borders will remain open. According to the latest unlock guidelines, air bubble travels are allowed in India with standard operating procedures.

Air BubbleTo control the crowd and minimize the flight passengers have to maintain some rules and regulations. The countries with whom India has created the air bubble travel agreement are the USA, France, Germany, UK, Canada, UAE, Qatar, and the Maldives. Indian Government is now negotiating with Australia, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Nigeria, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, South Korea, Kenya, and the Philippines to start air bubble travel.

The important thing is that people who want to travel through air bubbles do not need to register on the Civil Aviation Website. Passengers do not need to do any formalities with the government for this particular travel. The airline will take all the formalities. In the case of both inbound and outbound flights, passengers must have to follow all the standard operating procedures provided by the airline. The Civil Aviation Minister has informed that efforts will be continued to establish such temporary bi-lateral agreements with other countries in the coming days.